2016年成人英语三级学位英语考试串讲-倒装

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2016-01-20
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摘要:2016年成人英语三级学位英语考试串讲-倒装

 ①全倒装:将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。

  地点副词置于句首

  Here comes the bus.

  这类副词有here, there, now, then, away, up, down, back等,常用谓语动词come, go, lie, run等表移动的动词。

  如果主语是代词则不能倒装。

  Here it comes.

  ②介词短语置于句首做状语,谓语动词倒装

  Behind the tree hid a girl.

  Neither, nor, so表否定或肯定,句子要倒装。谓语动词一般用助动词代替。

  So am I. Neither did she.

  So/such… that句型中的so/such位于句首时,句子全倒装

  So happy was he that he couldn’t speak out a word.

  半倒装:did, does, has, had等助动词提取出来置于主语之前,而其它成分位置不变。如:

  Not until midnight did he go to bed.

  a.否定副词置于句首,句子要倒装:not only, not until, hardly, scarcely, seldom, rarely, no sooner…than, hardly…when

  Hardly had he finished cooking, when there was a knock on the door.

  b. only+状语(副词、介词词组、状语从句)位于句首,句子半倒装,但only接句子其它成分,句子不倒装

  Only recently did he notice how important education is.

  Only the oldest one of the family stayed at home.

  倒装经典考题

  ⑤如果陈述部分带有seldom / hardly / never / rarely / little / nowhere等否定词,谓语动词要用肯定式。

  例:She seldom writes to her stepmother , does she?

  ④当数个形容词作定语共同修饰一个名词时,一般按照在意义上与名词关系的密切程度来确定其位置。其排列顺序如下:

  a)冠词或指示形容词,b)所有格,c)序数词,d)基数词,e)表示特性或性质的词,D大小、长短、高低,D年龄、温度、新旧,h)形态、形状,i)颜色,j)国际、地区、出处,k)物资、材料,1)用途、类别、目的、与……有关。

  例:a new red scarf

  all the nine beautiful young Chinese girl students

 
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